North Carolina, on the edge of the Atlantic

 North Carolina, on the edge of the Atlantic

North Carolina, at the edge of the present Atlantic not easy to differentiate North Carolina and the South Carolina ... Geographically, the area of the North Carolina is 139 sq. (900 KMS wide 240 KMS long) roughly the ¼ of France.

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Its capital is Raleigh and the U.S. State has over 8 million inhabitants. Atlantic is located on one side and the Appalachian Mountains on the other, this chain of mountains from Newfoundland in Canada to central Alabama. Its highest point is just based in North Carolina, at Mount Mitchell to 2037 m and the Appalachian Mountains form a natural border between North Carolina and Tennessee in the East.

This state delimited by the North in Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia and South Carolina ... south! Discovered by the Spanish, the territory was conceded to England. 1st Elisabeth wanted to reward his friend-lover Walter Raleigh by ceding the territory. It is true that this strange character, poet, courtier, had fought the Irish and based in Virginia flying to the fashion plate Invincible Armada.

Later, he introduced the potato and tobacco in England but that is another story ... Sir Walter Raleigh (Raleigh said, it recalls the capital of North Carolina present) tried unsuccessfully to establish a trading post but was ousted by a Frenchman, Jean Ribault who gave the name Carolina to that territory in honor his King Charles IX, the last son of Catherine de Medici and Henry II ...

While it was not at all taste of Spaniards who massacred the French colony. Despite another attempt French colony returned to the English. Eight owners among the most deserving of the kingdom divided the new domain in 1663 (including Lord Craven, Lord John Berkeley, General Monck, Duke of Albemarle, a name which will be long in the colony).

In 1729, Carolina was again transferred to the English and the state was divided into two: North Carolina, South Carolina. Carolina was one of the first 13 colonies to declare independence against the British and joined the USA in 1789.

From all the past still many monuments and natural sites visits in North Carolina, a country of sea and mountains. You can see a lighthouse dating from 1793 at the Cape Hatteras dominant beaches extended on 120 kms.

Fort Raleigh is worth a visit to Manteo, who instead saw the English land for the conquest of Carolina. Closest in history, the Wright Brothers National Memorial at Kitty Hawk you remember the first attempts flight of the Wright brothers.

Of course, do not forget to visit the capital Raleigh and the Capitol of Greek architecture. Charlotte is the first city in the country although it is not capital. You can find traces of the old cotton. See also Wilmington and Ashville, a small town removed in the western mountains at the gates of the National Park Great Smoly Mountains.

Do not forget Chimney Rock which exhibits a very high granite monolith Cherokee and especially where a reconstruction of an Indian village and the Museum of Cherokee Indians. North Carolina: a small dip in U.S. history surrounded by huge beaches along the Atlantic ... Why not?

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